The beneficial effects of the mountain environment


Mountain environments are known for their countless beneficial effects on the body and in general on the psychophysical state of humans in particular, the most significant benefits are found in children and adults of old age.

At altitudes of mt.2000-2300 a.s.l., mild temperatures allow more exposure to sunlight, and ultraviolet rays stimulate the production of vitamin D, which is essential in calcium metabolism and therefore very important in the bone development of children and to counteract rheumatism and osteoporosis from which the elderly often suffer.

Moreover, the sunlight in the mountain environment, which is much more pronounced and prolonged throughout the day than in lower altitudes, stimulates the activity of the pineal gland resulting in greater production of melatonin, the hormone responsible for regulating sleep-wake rhythms.

A series of “cascading” physiological events depend on melatonin; with increased secretion of this hormone comes increased overall efficiency of the body. Air pollution levels at altitudes between mt.1,800 and mt.2,300 above sea level are significantly lower than those found at mt.1,500 above sea level.

It is necessary to spend at least 10 days day and night at altitudes of mt.2,100-2,300 a.s.l. The decrease in the presence of oxygen in the air, stimulates the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells, resulting in improved oxygenation of tissues throughout the body.

A slight reduction in the percentage of oxygen in the air increases lung ventilation, resulting in beneficial effects, especially in children with allergic diseases, such as asthma or rhinitis, and in the elderly with chronic respiratory diseases.

In addition to the bronchi and lungs, the heart and blood vessels are also positively affected by weather conditions. If you then combine your mountain stay with some moderate physical activity, your health and overall physical condition will benefit.

The mountain with its landscape and intense light, colors and scents of nature is indicated as a place of recovery for individuals suffering from depressive syndromes or chronic anxious states.